Plumbing Troopers have been doing plumbing for years. Our round-the-clock service guarantees that you can call us at any time of day or night and expect a plumber at your door within minutes if you live in Broward, Palm Beach, or even Miami-Dade.
How Your Home Plumbing Works
Home plumbing always seems like a confusing and complex systems of pipes even in the smallest of homes. However, all you need is to dedicate some time to understanding the logistics of residential plumbing and you will have a grasp of how your residential plumbing works.
You will be pleasantly surprised to find out how straightforward it is.
Residential plumbing has two substantial systems to it:
- Drain-waste system for removing unwanted water
- Water supply system that brings in needed water
We hope to give you a basic understanding of your residential plumbing and to help you figure out a way to resolve any future issues you might experience.
By having a grasp of how your residential plumbing works, you will be able to know which of the two parts of plumbing mentioned above is the culprit.
Intake Water Supply System
This system is responsible for circulating water from the main valve. If you get your water from the city, the main valve will be buried in the street in front of your house.
The water in the intake water supply system is usually under a lot of pressure so it gets to all parts of your home without any trouble at all.
The high water pressure ensures that clean fresh water is delivered to the bathroom, all sinks in your home, as well as your washer.
Assuming you get your water from the city, the fresh water supply to your home enters through the main. This is usually a very large pipe that is laid parallel to your street.
On the other hand, if you get your water supply from a well, you will probably need a pump to create sufficient pressure that is required to get water to your faucets as well as run the shower.
Usually, the shutoff valve is located in two places; right after the water meter and right before it. You can use either one of these shutoff valves to stop the flow of incoming water if you have a plumbing installation or repair job you need done.
Your home’s intake water supply system is a crucial component of your residential plumbing system as a flushing toilet and running water are a necessity in every home as is a hot shower.
An efficient intake water supply system has a pipe that is dedicated to supplying fresh water to your home’s water heater.
Tankless water heaters used to be the preserve of small condos and apartments that did not have enough space for a large traditional tank water heater. However, in recent times, traditional tank water heaters have become popular often getting installed in newly constructed homes. This rise in popularity has been brought about by their low energy costs.
The primary objective of an intake water supply system is to provide your home with clean water that is either hot or cold in all parts of your home on demand. This includes outside faucets, toilet, tub, bathroom(s), and kitchen.
This is only made possible if your intake water supply system has enough pressure to make showers, food object washing, toilet flushing, and wash-ups possible.
Drain-Waste Water System
Waste water can be defined as any water that has flowed around and through your home. No doubt, the contents of waste water make it hazardous which makes it necessary to expel it from your residence.
While you need sufficient pressure provided either by the city or a water pump to get water flowing in all parts of your home, it is gravity that helps drive waste water away from your home.
This explains why all drain pipes in your home are angled downward. Unlike the pipes that make up the intake water supply system, drain-waste water system pipes are arranged in a more complex way.
A drain-waste water system needs many traps, vents, in order to ensure a steady and unencumbered flow of waste water.
Homeowners will notice vent pipes that stick out above the roof shingles. In addition, you will notices traps under every sink in your house.
A trap is designed to look like a sideways letter ‘P’. Why do you need these traps?
If the name of this feature has not given you a clue yet, a trap is used to capture things that accidentally drop in the sink. For instance, an earring or most frequently a ring.
A waste pipe directs the waste water away from your home and into your septic tank or the sewer.
A common feature found in most waste-drain system is a clean out plug. These clean out plugs are specially designed so that you or a plumber can easily remove clogs in your drain system that are made up of stubborn waste material.
If you have not noticed yet, drain pipes are usually thicker compared to pipes that make up the intake water supply system. Their thick size make them more efficient in getting rid of waste water carrying waste material away from your home.
If you live in an old house you probably need Plumbing Troopers to come to check your residential plumbing. It used to be that older homes were designed with a minimum of shutoff valves. This makes it very difficult to isolate parts of your home whose plumbing you need worked on in a DIY project or by a plumber.
Plumbing Troopers can help you resolve this problem by installing shutoff valves for every appliance and fixture in your home. This way you can still keep the water running in other parts of your home since you do not have to shut off the water from the mains.
Plumbing Overview and Summary
Residential plumbing is divided into two main aspects, that is, intake water and waster water. This is regardless of the number of bathrooms or kitchens found in a home.
Homeowners need to be aware that drains and vent systems should be installed in close proximity of each other. This is based on local construction regulations.
When working on any part of your residential plumbing you should ensure that the water supply to the particular part of the house you are working on has been shut off. If you do not have as many shutoff valves as you do fixtures and appliances, you should shut off water from the main valve before proceeding.
By doing this you will avoid any unpleasant surprises since the pressure of any incoming water usually ranges between 60 and 50 psi and cause untold damage even before you begin working on the residential plumbing project.
For your residential plumbing to work efficiently, you need both outtake and intake systems to work together.
Now that you have a grasp of how residential plumbing, you should be able to diagnose what aspect of your plumbing system has issues when calling Plumbing Troopers.
As a first-time homeowner you need to determine how the different components work together to keep your residential plumbing working effectively.
Leaks In Plumbing Joints
Most homeowners have at one point or another experienced a leaking plumbing joint. The best way to avoid this is to fix the leak before it ever happens. Leaks usually occur when waste line and water supply fittings are not connected properly.
If you doubt that a leak in a plumbing joint is imminent, here are some things that might be causing it
Using Two Types of Teflon on Threaded Joints
Connections that rely on threaded fittings and pipes will usually have leaks if a Teflon pipe joint compound or Teflon tape is not used.
At Plumbing Troopers we ensure that we use both on each joint in order to prevent a leak from ever happening.
When fixing a leaking joint, we usually start by using Teflon tape to wrap the male threads. Three layers is usually sufficient. Every once in a while though, we come across a lose fitting that needs up to five wraps. Once done wrapping we stretch and cut the tape.
The next step usually is to spread a thin layer of Teflon pipe joint compound on the Teflon tape. If your residential plumbing consists of plastic pipe, then we use a Teflon pipe joint compound that is compatible with the plastic pipe.
Finally, we screw in the threads by hand before making use of a wrench to tighten the connections.
Sometimes, we will have some excess on the closed joint so we wipe it off leaving your plumbing looking clean and professional.
Other things we help you achieve when helping to fix in your residential plumbing include:
- Lubricating the ferrule found on compression joints
- Aligning slip joints with precision to ensure a tight seal
- Helping homeowners choose a flexible supply tube for toilets and faucets.